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| Last Updated:: 07/05/2018

Do You Know

  • Today 71% of the global population (5.2 billion people) use a safely managed drinking water service; that is, one located on premises, available when needed and free from contamination. 1 out of 3 of these people (1.9 billion people) live in rural areas.(WHO/UNICEF 2017)
  • 89% of the global populaton (6.5 billion people) used at least a basic service; that is, an improved source within 30 minutes’ round trip to collect water. (WHO/UNICEF 2017)
  • 263 million people spent over 30 minutes per round trip to collect water from an improved source. (WHO/UNICEF 2017)
  • 1.8 billion people use a source of drinking water contaminated with faeces, putting them at risk of contracting cholera, dysentery, typhoid and polio. (WHO/UNICEF 2015)
  • More than 340 000 children under five who die annually from diarrhoeal diseases due to poor sanitation, poor hygiene, or unsafe drinking water. (WHO/UNICEF 2015)
  • 39% of the global population (2.9 billion people) use a safely managed sanitation service; that is, excreta safely disposed of in situ or treated off-site. 2 out of 5 of these people (1.2 billion people) live in rural areas. (WHO/UNICEF 2017)
  • 68% of the global population (5.0 billion people) use at least a basic sanitation service. (WHO/UNICEF 2017)
  • 159 million people still use surface water, and two thirds live in sub-Saharan Africa (WHO/UNICEF 2015)
  • 892 million people worldwide still practised open defecation.(WHO/UNICEF 2017)


Source :, May 7th, 2018


  • 2.4 billion People live without improved sanitation (World Health Organization (WHO)/UNICEF 2015).
  • One in ten people has no choice but to defecate in the open (WHO/UNICEF 2015).
  • Diarrhoea caused by poor sanitation and unsafe water kills 315,000 children every year (WAS-Hwatch 2016).


Source :  November 17th, 2016

  • In urban areas, cleaning of community/public toilets was being done by the persons employed by the local municipal body in 73.1% wards having these toilets. 12.2% wards were such where the cleaning was being done by the persons employed by the residents’ welfare association. However, community/public toilets in 8.6% wards were not being cleaned by anybody.
  • 36.8% wards in urban areas reported to have a proper liquid waste disposal system for community/public toilets.
  • 36.7% villages had pakki nali and 19.0% villages had katchi nali as drainage arrangement for waste water coming out of the rural households. 44.4% villages had no drainage arrangement.
  • 56.4% wards reported to have sewer network for disposal of liquid waste.
  • 78.1% wards reported to have a system of street cleaning.
  • 64.2% wards were found to have a dumping place for solid waste. These solid waste
  • Dumping places were cleaned every day in case of 48.2% wards, on a weekly basis in case of 37.7% wards and on a monthly basis in case of 9.3% wards. However, 4.9% wards were such where the solid waste dumping place was not cleaned.
  • In rural areas, 50.5% of the households kept the garbage at a specified place outside their own house, 24.4% households disposed of the garbage in the nearby agriculture field, 5.5% households kept it at the common place outside the house, 4.4% households disposed of the garbage in the biogas plant or manure pit whereas 15.1% households threw it around the house.
  • In rural areas, 45.3% households reported to have sanitary toilets.
  • In urban areas, 88.8% households reported to have sanitary toilets.
  • In rural India for the households having sanitary toilet, percentage of persons using household/community toilet was 95.6%.
  • In urban India for the households having sanitary toilet, the percentage of persons using household/community/public toilet was 98.7%.
  • In rural India, 42.5% households were found to have access to water for use in toilet.
  • In urban India, 87.9% households were found to have access to water for use in toilets.
  • In rural areas, the percentage of persons going for open defecation was estimated to be 52.1%.
  • In urban India, the percentage of persons going for open defecation was estimated to be 7.5%.
  • In rural areas, 55.4% households contributed to open defecation. This percentage in urban areas was 8.9%.
  • In 54.9% of the villages having community toilets, cleaning was being done by the persons employed by the panchayat or on contract payment. In 17.0% villages, it was being done by the residents themselves. However, 22.6% villages were such where the community toilets were not being cleaned.
  • From the 2907 sample UFS blocks surveyed at all India level, 42.0% wards were found to have community/public toilets. At all India level, 1.6% wards were found to be having the community/public toilets but not using them.
  • Out of the 3788 villages surveyed, 13.1% villages in India were found to have community toilets. Out of the sample villages, at all India level, 1.7% villages were found to be having the community toilets but not using them. 82.1% of all the community toilets available in the villages were being used for defecation or washing purpose.
  • 2.3 billion people in the world do not have access to adequate sanitation, one in three of the world's population.(WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme(JMP) Report, 2015 updae)
  • More then 650 million people in the world do not have access to safe water.(JMP Report, 2015)
  • Around 315,000 children under-five die every year from diarrhoeal diseases caused by dirty water and poor sanitation. That's 900 children per day, or one child every two minutes.(WHO/UNICEF 2014, 2015)
  • In the developing world, 2.5 billion people practice open defecation or lack adequate sanitation facilities; an additional 2.1 billion urban residents use facilities that do not safely dispose of human waste.
  • 3.4 million People- mainly children— die as a result of preventable water-related diseases every year.
  • Poor sanitation contributes to about 700,000 child deaths from diarrhea each year. Chronic diarrhea can hinder child development by impeding the absorption of essential nutrients and reducing the effectiveness of life-saving vaccines.
  • In developing countries, an estimated 90 percent of sewage and 70 percent of industrial waste is discharged into waterways without any treatment at all.
  • More than 80% of sewage in developing countries is discharged untreated, polluting rivers, lakes and coastal areas.
  • 1.2 billion people- nearly 20 percent of the world’s population—live in areas of physical water scarcity. What does that mean? Water withdrawals for agriculture, industry, and domestic purposes exceed 75 percent of river flows.
  • 443 million school days are lost each year due to water-related diseases.
  • In India, 66% of girls-only schools do not have functioning toilets.
  • Globally, 1.8 billion people use a drinking-water source that is contaminated with faeces.
  • Every 21 seconds, another child dies from a water-related illness. Diarrhea, something we don't really consider to be dangerous in the developed world, is actually incredibly deadly, and is the second leading global cause of death for kids under five.
  • 1 in 9 people worldwide do not have access to safe and clean drinking water.
  • 783 million people do not have access to clean and safe water. 37% of those people live in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Almost 3 ½ million people die every year because of water and sanitation and hygiene-related causes, and almost all of them (99%) are in the developing world. That's like the population of a city the size of Los Angeles being wiped out each year.
  • Almost 800 million people lack access to clean safe water every day. That's more than two and a half times the population of the United States, where most of us probably waste more water before noon than those people use in a month.
  • More than 1/2 of all primary schools in developing countries don't have adequate water facilities and nearly 2/3 lack adequate sanitation.
  • In developing countries, as much as 80% of illnesses are linked to poor water and sanitation conditions.
  • Diarrhea is the second leading cause of child death in the world today, and the top cause of child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. This diarrhea is caused by poor sanitation, hygiene, or dirty drinking water.
  • 884 million people in the world lack access to safe water supplies.
  • Improved sanitation—including waste treatment and resource recovery—is essential to a healthy and sustainable future for the developing world.




  • 70% Of Urban India’s Sewage Is Untreated

  • Higher incidents of rape in India linked to open defecation


There are four years left for the government target of ensuring all Indians use toilets, but in urban India alone, no more than 30% of sewage generated by 377 million people flows through treatment plants.


The rest is randomly dumped in rivers, seas, lakes and wells, polluting three-fourths of the country’s water bodies, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of various data sources.


An estimated 62,000 million litres per day (MLD) sewage is generated in urban areas, while the treatment capacity across India is only 23,277 MLD, or 37% of sewage generated, according to data released by the government in December 2015.


Further parsing of this data reveals that of 816 municipal sewage treatment plants (STPs) listed across India, 522 work. So, of 62,000 MLD, the listed capacity is 23,277 MLD but no more than 18,883 MLD of sewage is actually treated.


That means 70% of sewage generated in urban India is not treated.


While 79 STPs don’t work, 145 are under construction and 70 are proposed, according to the Central Pollution Control Board’s (CPCB) Inventorization Of Sewage Treatment Plants  report. Read More...


  • Swachh Bharat: Delhi leads in construction of public toilets


NEW DELHI: Delhi has built the highest number of community and public toilets under Swachh Bharat Mission, followed by Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra, while Gujarat topped in the individual household category.
Delhi has completed construction of 5,776 community and public toilet seats since the launch of the mission in October last year, followed Chhattisgarh (3,570), Maharashtra (2,520), Chandigarh (2,424) and Karnataka (1,680).Read more....


  • Nadia's efforts to eliminate Open Defecation awarded


Only a week, after being officially declared as the first open defecation free (ODF) district in West Bengal, the district administration has been selected as First Place Winner for the 2015 United Nations Public Service Award in the category of “Improving the Delivery of Public Services” for the initiative “ Sabar Shouchagar. Read more....


  • Gujarat leads in Swachh Bharat implementation


Gujarat stands tops the list of States in the implementation of the Swachh Bharat Mission, while Odisha has excelled in the construction of community toilets, according to an assessment by the Union Urban Development Ministry for 2014-15.
Gujarat accounted for 60 per cent of the 2,70,069 household toilets constructed during the last financial year under the mission. Madhya Pradesh constructed 99,151 household toilets, followed by Karnataka with 4,697. Read more....


  • Nationwide Monitoring of use of Toilets will be launched from January, 2015

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation will launch a Nationwide Real Time Monitoring of use of toilets from January 2015. The Monitoring System will be unveiled to give a big push to Swachh Bharat Mission, which aims at attaining a 100% Open Defecation Free India by 2019. People across the country will be mobilized to check and verify the use of toilets in the rural areas through Mobile Phones, Tablets or I-Pads and upload the same in case of any discrepancy on the Ministry’s Website in tune with online Citizen Monitoring. Earlier, the monitoring was done only about the construction of toilets, but now the actual use of toilets will be ascertained on a sustained basis. Read more....


  • Bill Gates – This Ingenious Machine Turns Feces Into Drinking Water


An excerpt – I watched the piles of feces go up the conveyer belt and drop into a large bin. They made their way through the machine, getting boiled and treated. A few minutes later I took a long taste of the end result: a glass of delicious drinking water.


The occasion was a tour of a facility that burns human waste and produces water and electricity (plus a little ash). I have visited lots of similar sites, like power plants and paper mills, so when I heard about this one—it’s part of the Gates Foundation’s effort to improve sanitation in poor countries—I was eager to check it out. Read more....


  • Unilever to launch world's first Toilet Academy in Vietnam

Life without access to a toilet
For the overwhelming majority of the developed world, a clean and functioning toilet is something we take for granted and perhaps don't even think to question. But for 2.5 billion people across the developing world - that's almost one third of the global population - having no access to even the most basic sanitation is a reality faced every day. Of these, 1.1 billion are forced to suffer the indignity of practising open defecation. Read more....


  • 59.4 rural households do not have toilet facilities

Government has spent over dollar 3 billion on constructing toilets across the country but the sanitation campaigns are yet to achieve success with nearly 60 per cent rural households lacking toilet facilities. Read more....


  • EBOLA: Experts urge Nigerians to stop open defecation

Lagos – Some health experts on Thursday urged members of the public to stop open defecation to reduce the burden of communicable diseases, especially in the challenging times of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). Read more....


  • DRDO's bio-toilets can help Swachh Bharat mission: Venkaiah Naidu


HYDERABAD: The bio-toilets developed by the Defense Research and Development Organisation would bring about "a revolution" in rural areas, and the government had set its sights on ending open defecation in the country, Union Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu today said here. Read more....


  • Cabinet sets 5-year target for Swachh Bharat Mission in all urban areas


NEW DELHI: The Cabinet on Wednesday set the target of five years starting from October 2 to implement complete sanitation programme - Swachh Bharat Mission - in all urban areas across the country. The programme includes elimination of open defecation, conversion of insanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, eradication of manual scavenging, municipal solid waste management and bringing about a behavioural change in people. Read more....


  • PM Modi's Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: GAIL to provide hygienic toilets for girls students

BHUBANESWAR: Joining the nation-wide 'Swachh Bharat' campaign, public sector GAIL (India) announced its plan to build 1021 bio-toilets in the country to provide hygienic sanitation facilities for girl students. Read more....


  • Swachh Bharat: Oil PSUs to build toilets in schools


NEW DELHI: Prime Minister Narendra Modi's call to rid the country of litter and rubbish today saw heads of Fortune 500 companies including ONGC Chairman Dinesh Kumar Sarraf and IOC head B Ashok picking up brooms. Read more....


  • Cleanliness drive: Each village to get Rs 20 lakh yearly


NEW DELHI: Rural Development Minister Nitin Gadkari announced Thursday that Rs. 20 lakh will be given to every village per annum to achieve the goal of Clean India by Oct 2, 2019. Read more....


  • Emami Group pledges Rs 15 crore for Clean India mission

KOLKATA: As part of its Clean India mission, Emami Group today said it would build bio sanitation facilities in remote and backward areas across West Bengal, Orissa, Assam and Uttarakhand over the next three years. Read more....


  • 43 % Govt toilets are missing or defunct in India

Making India open defecation-free has been a promise of sanitation drives in the country for at least 15 years. But latest statistics suggest that taxpayers' money spent through the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation to tackle this menace has by and large been flushed down non-existent toilets. Data from the 2011 census suggests that over two-third of rural Indians do not have access to individual household latrines (IHHL). Read more....


  • Caparo Group to install bio digester toilets across India: Angad Paul


LONDON: UK-based NRI industrialist Lord Swraj Paul's Caparo Group plans to install environment- friendly bio digester toilets across India which it created along with the DRDO, aimed at improving living standards in the country's rural and urban areas. Read more....


  • Bharti Foundation appoints Sulabh for making 12K toilets


Bharti Foundation today said it has appointed Sulabh International for constructing 12,000 toilets in rural households across 900 villages in Ludhiana district of Punjab.
The philanthropic arm of Sunil Mittal-led Bharti Enterprises has committed Rs 100 crore investment under 'Satya Bharti Abhiyan' over the next three years for constructing toilets in rural households lacking such facilities. Read more....


  • Globally, 2.5 billion lack access to sanitation, says UN report


Lack of access to basic sanitation and drinking water continues to remain global challenge with a new report showing that 2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanitation, while one in seven practise open defecation.

The UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water (GLAAS) 2014 report, “Investing in Water and Sanitation: Increasing Access, Reducing Inequalities”, draws the attention of countries to sanitation at a time when the world is negotiating the post-2015 sustainable development goals after the progress of millennium development goals is judged. Read more....


  • The MDG sanitation target of 75% is unlikely to be reached


Universal access to adequate sanitation is a fundamental need and human right. Securing access for all would go a long way in reducing illness and death, especially among children. Since 1990, 1.9 billion people have gained access to an ‘improved’ form of sanitation, such as flush toilets or latrine with a slab. This means that, in 2012, 64 per cent of the global population was using such facilities – an impressive accomplishment but still far from the 2015 Millennium Development Goal target of 75 per cent. Read more....


  • 70 per cent of Indian sewage treatment plants dysfunctional: Prakash Javadekar


Union Minister Prakash Javadekar today said that 70 per cent of all sewage treatment plants in India do not work due to high running cost.


Through his recorded video message at 'Wastech', an international summit on waste management organised at Mahatma Mandir here today, Javadekar called for better solutions to tackle problems related to waste management in India. Read more....