Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Friday, June 5, 2020

Do You Know

Ø  Contaminated water can transmit diseases such diarrhoea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, and polio. Contaminated drinking water is estimated to cause 485 000 diarrhoeal deaths each year. (WHO, 2019)
Ø  Approximately 50 litres of water per person per day are needed to ensure that most basic needs are met while keeping public health risks at a low level. (WHO, 2017)
Ø  Today 1 in 3 people or 2.2 billion people around the world lack safe drinking water. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  1 in 10 people (785 million) still lack basic water services, including the 144 million who drink untreated surface water, such as ponds and streams. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  1.8 billion people have gained access to basic drinking water services since 2000, but there are vast inequalities in the accessibility, availability and quality of these services.(WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  Over half of the global population or 4.2 billion people lack safe sanitation. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  2 billion people still lack basic sanitation, among whom 7 out of 10 live in rural areas and one third live in the Least Developed Countries. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  673 million people around the world still practice open defecation. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  2.1 billion people have gained access to basic sanitation services since 2000 but in many parts of the world the wastes produced are not safely managed. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  207 million people spent over 30 minutes per round trip to collect water from an improved source. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  Globally, in 2016, 74% of health care facilities had basic water services and more than one in five (21%) had no sanitation service, meaning that they had unimproved toilets or no toilets at all. This translates to over 1.5 billion people having no sanitation service at their health care facility. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  Globally, in 2016, one in six (16%) health care facilities had no hygiene service, meaning that hand hygiene facilities were not available either at points of care or toilets.  (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  15% of the waste produced in health care facilities is either infectious, chemically hazardous or radioactive, and must be managed appropriately to prevent unsafe exposure to health care workers, patients, visitors, waste handlers and the public. Two thirds (65%) of hospitals globally have on basic waste management services in hospitals.  (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  Several water-related diseases, including cholera and schistosomiasis, remain widespread across many developing countries, where only a very small fraction (in some cases less than 5%) of domestic and urban wastewater is treated prior to its release into the environment (UNESCO, 2017).
Ø  Globally, at least 2 billion people use a drinking water source contaminated with faeces. (WHO 2019)
Ø  1 million deaths each year are associated with unclean births. Infections account for 26% of neonatal deaths and 11% of maternal mortality. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  55 % of health care facilities in Least Developed Countries (LDCs) have basic water services. It is estimated that 1 in 5 births globally takes place in LDCs, and each year, 17 million women in these countries give birth in health centres with inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene.  (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  Hygiene promotion is the most cost effective health intervention. (World Bank 2016)
Ø  2 out of 5 people or 3 billion people around the world lack basic handwashing facilties at home. (WHO/UNICEF 2019)
Ø  Some 297 000 children under five who die annually from diarrhoeal diseases due to poor sanitation, poor hygiene, or unsafe drinking water. (WHO 2019)
Ø  829 000 people are estimated to die each year from diarrhoea as a result of unsafe drinking water, sanitation, and hand hygiene. (WHO 2019)
Source: https://www.unwater.org Updated on 21st June, 2019