Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Swachh Bharat or Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Hindi: स्वच्छ भारत अभियान, English: Clean Indian Mission) is a national level campaign by the Government of India covering 4041 statutory towns to clean the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country. This campaign was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi, where Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself wielded broom and cleaned a road. The campaign is India's biggest ever cleanliness drive and 3 million government employees and schools and colleges students of India participated in this event. The mission was started by Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India, nominating nine famous personalities for this campaign, and they take up the challenge and nominate nine more people and so on(like the branching of a tree). It has been carried forward since then with famous people from all walks of life joining it.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was announced by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on Indian Independence Day & launched on 2 Oct 2014, Gandhi Jayanti. On this day, Modi addressed the citizens of India in a public gathering held at Rajghat, New Delhi, India and asked everyone to join this campaign. Later on this day, Modi himself swept a parking area at Mandir Marg Police Station followed by pavement in Valmiki Basti, a colony of sanitation workers, at Mandir Marg, near Connaught Place, New Delhi.
On 2 October, Anil Ambani, an Indian industrialist and a participant in this event, told in a statement.
I am honoured to be invited by our respected Prime Minister Shri Narendrabhai Modi to join the "Swachh Bharat Abhiyan"... I dedicate myself to this movement and will invite nine other leading Indians to join me in the "Clean India" campaign.
Indian President Pranab Mukherjee asked every Indian to spend 100 hours annually in this drive. This campaign is supported by the Indian Army, Border Security Force, Indian Air Force and India. More details....
Objectives of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan:
- Construction of individual, cluster and community toilets.
- To eliminate or reduce open defecation. Open defecation is one of the main causes of deaths of thousands of children each year.
- Not only latrine construction, the Swachh Bharat Mission will also make an initiative of establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring latrine use.
- Public awareness will also be provided about the drawbacks of open defecation and promotion of latrine use.
- Proper, dedicated ground staff will be recruited to bring about behavioural change and promotion of latrine use.
- For proper sanitation use, the mission will aim at changing people’s attitudes, mindsets and behaviours.
- Villages to be kept clean with Solid and Liquid Waste Management.
- Solid and liquid waste management through gram panchayats.
- To lay water pipelines in all villages, ensuring water supply to all households by 2019.
- To make India Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2019, by providing access to toilet facilities to all.
- To provide toilets, separately for Boys and Girls in all schools by 15.8.2015.
- To provide toilets to all Anganwadis
- Mahatma Gandhi dreamt of an India which was not only free but also clean and developed.
- Mahatma Gandhi secured freedom for mother India.
- Now it is our duty to serve mother India by keeping the country neat and clean.
- I take this pledge that I will remain committed towards cleanliness and devote time for this.
- I will devote 100 hours per year that is two hours per week to voluntary work for cleanliness.
- I will neither litter nor let others litter.
- I will initiate the quest for cleanliness with myself, my family, my locality, my village and my work place.
- I believe that the countries of the world that appear clean are so because their citizens do not indulge in littering nor do they allow it to happen.
- With this firm belief, I will propagate the message of Swachh Bharat Mission in villages and towns.
- I will encourage 100 other persons to take this pledge which I am taking today.
- I will endeavor to make them devote their 100 hours for cleanliness.
- I am confident that every step I take towards cleanliness will help in making my country clean.
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Swachh Bharat Mission: Urban Areas
The mission aims to cover 1.04 crore households, provide 2.5 lakh community toilets, 2.6 lakh public toilets, and a solid waste management facility in each town. Under the programme, community toilets will be built in residential areas where it is difficult to construct individual household toilets. Public toilets will also be constructed in designated locations such as tourist places, markets, bus stations, railway stations, etc. The programme will be implemented over a five-year period in 4,401 towns. Of the Rs 62,009 crore likely to be spent on the programme, the Centre will pitch in Rs 14,623 crore. Of the Centre’s share of Rs 14,623 crore, Rs 7,366 crore will be spent on solid waste management, Rs 4,165 crore on individual household toilets, Rs 1,828 crore on public awareness and Rs 655 crore on community toilets.
The programme includes elimination of open defecation, conversion of unsanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, eradication of manual scavenging, municipal solid waste management and bringing about a behavioural change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices.
Source: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India
Swachh Bharat Mission: Gramin Areas
The Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan has been restructured into the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin). The mission aims to make India an open defecation free country in Five Years. Under the mission, One lakh thirty four thousand crore rupees will be spent for construction of about 11 crore 11 lakh toilets in the country. Technology will be used on a large scale to convert waste into wealth in rural India in the forms of bio-fertilizer and different forms of energy. The mission is to be executed on war footing with the involvement of every gram panchayat, panchayat samiti and Zila Parishad in the country, besides roping in large sections of rural population and school teachers and students in this endeavor.
As part of the mission, for rural households, the provision for unit cost of individual household latrine has been increased from Rs 10,000 to Rs 12,000 so as to provide for water availability, including for storing, hand-washing and cleaning of toilets. Central share for such latrines will be Rs 9,000 while state share will be Rs 3,000. For North Eastern states, Jammu & Kashmir and special category states, the Central share will be 10,800 and the state share Rs 1,200. Additional contributions from other sources will be permitted.
Objectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)
- Bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas.
- Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Swachh Bharat by 2019 with all Gram Panchayats in the country attaining Nirmal status.
- Motivate communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions promoting sustainable sanitation facilities through awareness creation and health education.
- Encourage cost effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
- Develop community managed environmental sanitation systems focusing on solid & liquid waste management for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.
Only about 22% of the rural families had access to toilets in 2001. With the efforts put into the Total Sanitation Campaign/Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) this has gone up to 32.70% as per Census 2011. Further as per NSSO 2012, 40.60% rural households have toilets. All rural households are planned to be covered with sanitary facilities by 2019.
Physical achievements made during last 2 years and current year SBM (Gramin) is demand driven scheme hence no annual targets are fixed. Achievements made under SBM (Gramin) during last two years and current year is as under:
||2014-15 (Upto 31.10.2014)
Source: Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India
Guidelines SWACHH BHARAT MISSION (GRAMIN)
Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya campaign
The Swachh Bharat-Swachh Vidyalaya campaign of the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development is being organised during 25th September, 2014 to 31st October 2014 in Kendriya Vidyalays and Navodaya Vidyalya Sangathans. The activities to be taken up during the period include
- Talk in the school assembly by a few children on different aspects of cleanliness every day especially with regard to the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, on cleanliness & hygiene.
- Cleaning of the class rooms, laboratories, libraries etc.
- Cleaning of any statue installed in the school and a talk on the contribution of the person whose statue is installed in the school.
- Cleaning of toilets and drinking water areas.
- Cleaning of kitchen sheds stores etc.
- Cleaning of playgrounds.
- Cleaning and maintenance of school gardens.
- Annual maintenance of the school buildings including white wash and painting.
- Organise essay, debates, painting, competitions on cleanliness and hygiene.
- Constitution of Childrens’ Cabinets to supervise and monitor cleanliness drive.
In addition, the schools will organise film, shows, model activities on hygiene, essay/painting and other competitions, role plays etc. to reiterate the messages of cleanliness, good hygiene and proper sanitation. The Ministry also proposes to introduce half an hour cleaning campaign twice a week in the school involving students, teachers, parents and community members.
Source: Ministry Of Human Resource Development, Government of India
Bal Swachhta Mission launched
The Union Minister of Women and Child Development Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi launched the National Bal Swachhta Mission in New Delhi today (14.11.2014). The Bal Swachhta Mission is a part of the nationwide sanitation initiative of ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ launched by the Prime Minister on 2nd October, 2014. Speaking at the launch of Bal Swachhta Mission, Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi said that children can play a very important role in achieving a Swachh Bharat. She said that they can become ambassadors of cleanliness and motivate others to keep their homes, schools, and surroundings clean. Cleanliness habits should be imbibed in the children in informal ways like small games, poems, storytelling, conversation with children among others, she added. The Minister praised the message of cleanliness given by the children on the occasion through their innocent performances. The Minister said that the cleanliness drive has to be a nationwide effort and should include sustained measures taken up on a continuous basis.
The Minister also released a book on Bal Swachtta Mission prepared by NIPCCD. The children entertained the audience and gave their message of cleanliness through a cultural program and fancy dress programme. Smt. Maneka Gandhi visited the model Anganwadi hub centre located at Maidan Garhi.
The nationwide Bal Swachhta Mission will have the following six themes:-
- Clean Anganwadis
- Clean Surroundings e.g. Playgrounds
- Clean Self (Personal Hygiene/Child Health)
- Clean Food
- Clean Drinking Water
- Clean Toilets
During the Bal Swachhta Week from 14th to 19th November, one of the above themes would be covered at each Anganwadi Centre in the states. The Women and Child Development Departments of various states have been asked to implement the Bal Swachhta Mission with the help of Departments of School Education, Urban Development, Drinking Water and Sanitation, and Information and Publicity. The events will be organized at State, District, Block, and Gram Panchayat level.
Source: Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India
Swachchh Bharat Abhiyaan: People’s Awareness Drive
- Swacch Bharat Mission
Swachh Bharat Mission is a massive mass movement that seeks to create a Clean India by 2019. The father of our nation Mr. Mahatma Gandhi always puts the emphasis on swachhta as swachhta leads to healthy and prosperous life. Keeping this in mind, the Indian government has decided to launch the swachh bharat mission on October 2, 2014.The mission will cover all rural and urban areas. The urban component of the mission will be implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development, and the rural component by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Read more....
- National Mission for Clean Ganga
National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is the implementation wing of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA). It is a registered society originally formed by Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change(MoEFCC) on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. As per the 306th amendment in the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961, both NGRBA and NMCG are allocated to the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD &GR). Accordingly the General Body of NMCG is being re constituted. The Secretary to the Government of India, MoWR, RD & GR is the current chairman of the Governing Council of NMCG. As per the approval of the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), the mandate of NGRBA is being implemented by, the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG). At national level NMCG is the coordinating body and is being supported by States Level Program Management Groups (SPMGs) of UP, Uttarakhand, Bihar and West Bengal which, are also registered as societies under Societies Registration Act, 1860 and a dedicated Nodal Cell in Jharkhand. Read more....
- Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)
Rural sanitation came into focus in the Government of India in the World Water Decade of 1980s. The Central Rural Sanitation Programme was started in 1986 to provide sanitation facilities in rural areas. It was a supply driven, high subsidy and infrastructure oriented programme. As a result of these deficiencies and low financial allocations, the CRSP had little impact on the gargantuan problem. The experience of community-driven, awareness-generating campaign based programmes in some states and the results of evaluation of CRSP, led to the formulation of the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) approach in 1999. Read more....
- National Drinking Water Mission
In the drinking water sector, the Eleventh Plan identifies the major issues that need tackling during this plan period as the problem of sustainability, water availability and supply, poor water quality, need for decentralized approaches and financing of O&M cost while ensuring gender and social equity. Taking cognizance of these issues, and in an effort to address the emerging issues, the RGNDWM has modified the existing rural water supply guidelines, made effective from 01.04.2009. Read more....
- Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change
The Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) is the nodal agency in the administrative structure of the Central Government for the planning, promotion, co-ordination and overseeing the implementation of India's environmental and forestry policies and programmes.
The primary concerns of the Ministry are implementation of policies and programmes relating to conservation of the country's natural resources including its lakes and rivers, its biodiversity, forests and wildlife, ensuring the welfare of animals, and the prevention and abatement of pollution. While implementing these policies and programmes, the Ministry is guided by the principle of sustainable development and enhancement of human well-being. Read more....
- Indian Green Building Council
The Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), part of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) was formed in the year 2001. The vision of the council is, "To enable a sustainable built environment for all and facilitate India to be one of the global leaders in the sustainable built environment by 2025".
The council offers a wide array of services which include developing new green building rating programmes, certification services and green building training programmes. The council also organises Green Building Congress, its annual flagship event on green buildings. Read more....
National Cleanliness Campaign
PM initiates drive towards clean Ganga; participates in Shramdaan as part of Swachhta Abhiyan at Assi Ghat, Varanasi
Health Minister Participates in Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan at GTB Hospital
Source: Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, Govt. of India
Swachh Survekshan -2016 – ranks of 73 cities
Mysuru tops the list ; Dhanbad at the bottom
15 Leaders, 20 Aspiring Leaders, 18 cities needing acceleration, 20 Slow Movers identified
73 cities surveyed for cleanliness have been categorized based on the marks scored by each of them in the ‘Swachh Survekshan-2016’ survey, results of which were announced by the Urban Development Minister Shri M.Venkaiah Naidu today.
15 cities who scored more than 70% of the total marks of 2000 were categorized as Leaders, 20 cities with scores in the range of 60%-70% are Aspiring Leaders, those with scores in the range of 50%-60% are the cities who need to accelerate their efforts and cities who scored below 50% are named Slow Movers who need to work harder to improve santiation.
4.New Delhi Municipal council
39.South Muncipal Corporation of Delhi
64.Kalyan Dombivili (Maharashtra)
Source: Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Urban Development.