Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Saturday, July 13, 2024

Open Defecation

Open Defecation Free Villages


The Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) has been launched on 2nd October, 2014, which aims at attaining Open Defecation Free India by 2nd October 2019. Under Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), the focus is on behavior change, usage of toilets and engagement of communities. The programme provides flexibility to the State governments in choosing the approach, considered most suitable to them. The programme also provides incentives for individual toilets. Funds are also available for community toilets and for solid and liquid waste management. The behavior change communication is emphasized and there is also focus on capacity building of the implementation machinery.


The goal of Swachh Bharat Misison (Gramin) is to achieve Open Defecation Free India by 2nd October 2019.Sanitation Coverage, which was 42.05% on 2.10.2014, has increased to 57.43% on 28.11.2016. Since the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) on 2nd October, 2014, 279.65 lakh toilets have already been constructed under SBM(G) as on 28.11.2016. In addition to these, 15.55 lakh toilets have been constructed under MGNREGA since 2.10.2014. A total of 1,21,106 Villages have been declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) as on 28-11- 2016.Also 61 districts and 684 Blocks have declared themselves as ODF.


Source : Government of India, Ministry of Drinking water and Sanitation


Open defecation free villages


Status of ODF GPs


Open Defecation data is dynamic based on 100% toilet coverage (individual or access to public / community toilet)



Many people who own a latrine still defecate in the open



Having access to a latrine does not mean all household members use it


Source: Squat Survey