Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Saturday, July 13, 2024

Sanitation

Sanitation

 

  • 3.5 billion people still live without safely managed sanitation, including 419 million who practise open defecation. (WHO/UNICEF, 2023)
 
  • Unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene are responsible for the deaths of around 1,000 children under 5 every day.(WHO, 2023)
 
  • At the current rates of progress, 3 billion people will still be living without safe toilets, 2 billion without safe drinking water, and 1.4 billion without basic hygiene services in 2030. (WHO/UNICEF, 2023)
 
  • In 2022, 57% of the global population (4.6 billion people) used a safely managed sanitation service.
 
  • Over 1.5 billion people still do not have basic sanitation services, such as private toilets or latrines.
 
  • Of these, 419 million still defecate in the open, for example in street gutters, behind bushes or into open bodies of water.
 
  • In 2020, 44% of the household wastewater generated globally was discharged without safe treatment.
 
  • At least 10% of the world’s population is thought to consume food irrigated by wastewater.
 
  • Poor sanitation reduces human well-being, social and economic development due to impacts such as anxiety, risk of sexual assault, and lost opportunities for education and work.
 
  • Poor sanitation is linked to transmission of diarrhoeal diseases such as cholera and dysentery, as well as typhoid, intestinal worm infections and polio. It xacerbates stunting and contributes to the spread of antimicrobial resistance.
 

Source: https://www.who.int, https://www.unwater.org Updated on 14 March 2024.