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| Last Updated:: 24/03/2022


The science that deals in maintaining cleanliness for good health is Hygiene. Hygiene practices are employed as preventative measures to reduce the incidence and spreading of disease. This is maintained by keeping our environment neat and clean. Hence the set of practices associated with the preservation of health, are for example environmental cleaning, hand hygiene, water and sanitation and safe disposal of waste.

Children need to understand how to protect themselves from disease, especially diarrhoea. Their level of understanding will depend on their age and how simple and appropriate an explanation is given to them.


Wash Your Hands: The Right Way When should you wash your hands?


Before, during, and after preparing food

Before eating food

Before and after caring for someone who is sick

Before and after treating a cut or wound

After using the toilet

After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet

After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing

After touching an animal or animal waste

After touching garbage


What is the right way to wash your hands?


Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold) and apply soap.

Rub your hands together to make a lather and scrub them well; be sure to scrub the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.

Continue rubbing your hands for atleast 20 seconds. Need a timer ? Hum the “Happy Birthday” song from beginning to end twice.

Rinse your hands well under running water.

Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.


Handwashing technique with soap and water