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| Last Updated:: 02/03/2022


School Sanitation:

In many countries throughout the world, schools have very poor sanitation environments:


Student learning how to clean a toilet


  • They have no, or insufficient, water supply, sanitation and hand-washing facilities;
  • If facilities are present, they are often not adapted to the needs of children, broken, dirty and unsafe.

Under these conditions, schools become unsafe places where diseases are transmitted, with mutually reinforcing negative impacts for the children, their families, the schools and overall development. Good health at school is essential for now and an investment for the future.


Hundreds of millions of school-age children are infected by parasites and flukes.


The infections and other sanitation related diseases are spread in schools


The diseases cause poor health and lead to, or reinforce, malnutrition


Poor health and malnutrition are important underlying factors for low school enrolment, high absenteeism, poor

classroom performance and early dropout

The provision of safe water and sanitation facilities is a first step towards a healthy physical learning environment. However, the mere provision of facilities does not make them sustainable or ensure the desired impact. It is the use of the facilities - the related hygiene behaviours -of all people that provides health benefits. In schools, hygiene education aims to promote those practices that will help prevent water and sanitation-related diseases as well as inculcating healthy behaviours in the future generation of adults. Therefore the combination of facilities, correct behavioural practices and education are meant to have a positive impact on the health and hygiene conditions of the community as a whole, both now and in the future.


Source: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre



Communicable diseases spread through microbes. Germs take birth in places like filth, garbage and heaps of rubbish. So if breeding of germs is stopped, communicable diseases can also be prevented from speading. Thus if there are no heaps of filth garbage of rubbish, there would be no breeding of germs. We must dispose of the garbage properly.
Proper disposal of garbage is called sanitation. It is our duty of the people, urban as well as rural, to take care of sanitation in their localities for the health community.



Faecal discharge and wastes and sewage system: In villages, people mostly go for faecal discharge. That makes the atmosphere unhealthy. Villagers should go away from city. In some houses there are open flowing latrines. The night soil of the resident goes out to the roadsides drains. We often see the dung of domestic animal on roads, or lanes and public places. Domestic - garbage is thrown on foot-paths or roads lanes. Latrines in the house should be connected to sewage system. Animal dung and domestic garbage should be used for making compost-manure.


Discarded and Waste House-hold materials: We consider many things as waste and discarded them. These discarded thing are thrown away. These things make the garbage. These things could be utilised. The useless part of vegetables may be used as fodder for animals. Old newspaper, tin etc. may sold to Kabari. Many decorative and useful things can be created with these things. Thus we get new and useful things with waste materials and save the surrounding and atmosphere from being polluted.


Some Other ways of Garbage Disposal: In rural areas garbage and refuse of house-hold are burnt. The burning of refuse is another method of its disposal. But its smoke pollutes the air. So this method of garbage disposal is not considered good.

Garabge is also used to fill up ditches and level low-land. This is called land-fill. Thus different types of garbage and refuse can be used to make manure fuel, level low land etc. that would be immensely help us in task of community sanaitation.




  • Proper disposal of garbage is called sanitation.
  • Its our duty to take care of community sanitation. 
  • People should not pollute pound water with the faecal discharge or by washing dirty clothes. 
  • Children should not pollute the atmosphere by bursting crackers. 
  • Latrines should not be open and flowing. 
  • Some rejected things may sold to dealers in old things, or to make new things. 
  • Domestic garbage and animal dung may be used for making manure or biogas, burning as fuel levelling low land etc.


Bal Swachhta Mission launched


The Union Minister of Women and Child Development Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi launched the National Bal Swachhta Mission in New Delhi today (14.11.2014). The Bal Swachhta Mission is a part of the nationwide sanitation initiative of ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ launched by the Prime Minister on 2nd October, 2014. Speaking at the launch of Bal Swachhta Mission, Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi said that children can play a very important role in achieving a Swachh Bharat. She said that they can become ambassadors of cleanliness and motivate others to keep their homes, schools, and surroundings clean. Cleanliness habits should be imbibed in the children in informal ways like small games, poems, storytelling, conversation with children among others, she added. The Minister praised the message of cleanliness given by the children on the occasion through their innocent performances. The Minister said that the cleanliness drive has to be a nationwide effort and should include sustained measures taken up on a continuous basis.



The Minister also released a book on Bal Swachtta Mission prepared by NIPCCD. The children entertained the audience and gave their message of cleanliness through a cultural program and fancy dress programme. Smt. Maneka Gandhi visited the model Anganwadi hub centre located at Maidan Garhi.



The nationwide Bal Swachhta Mission will have the following six themes:-


  • Clean Anganwadis
  • Clean Surroundings e.g. Playgrounds
  • Clean Self (Personal Hygiene/Child Health)
  • Clean Food
  • Clean Drinking Water
  • Clean Toilets

During the Bal Swachhta Week from 14th to 19th November, one of the above themes would be covered at each Anganwadi Centre in the states. The Women and Child Development Departments of various states have been asked to implement the Bal Swachhta Mission with the help of Departments of School Education, Urban Development, Drinking Water and Sanitation, and Information and Publicity. The events will be organized at State, District, Block, and Gram Panchayat level.


Source: Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India